China's Avicopter has established itself as one of the world's great helicopter manufacturers. With decades of licenced production experience, the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) – the state-owned aerospace and defense company – has now established its capabilities of indigenous development. For more information, read about China’s helicopter initiatives in the November-December 2013 issue of Vertiflite – a free download for AHS members!
Below is a listing of all of the major Avicopter helicopter models.
Also be sure to check out the AHS International photo gallery from China Helicopter Exposition 2013 on September 8, 2013, and photos at the 2nd Asian/Australian Rotorcraft Forum (ARF) on September 9-11, in Tianjin, China.
|Designation||Manuf. Plant||First Flight||Weight Class||Engine||Status||Description|
|Z-5||Harbin||1959||7.1 t||unknown||545 built; now retired||Copy of Russian Mi-4.|
|Z-6||Harbin||1969||7.6 t||1 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T-6||11 built; now retired||Turboshaft version of Z-5. Similar to Mi-8.|
|Z-7||Changhe||-||14 t||unknown||Never flown||Cancelled in 1978 (competed against Z-8)|
|Z-8||Changhe||1980||12 t||3x Turbomeca Turmo IIIC||Still in service||Licensed Eurocopter AS321 Super Frelon|
|Z-9 Dolphin||Harbin||1981||4 t||2x Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory Wozhou WZ-8||200 built||Licensed Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin. Z-9B is 70% indigenous.|
|Z-10 Fierce Thunderbolt||Changhe||2003||7 t||2x WZ-9 or WZ-16||100 of 400 built||Indigenous heavy attack helicopter|
|Z-11||Changhe||Dec-94||2.2 t||1x WZ-8D||In production||Licensed Eurocopter AS350 / EC130 Ecureuil|
|Z-15||Harbin||2009 (EC175)||7.5 t||2x Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6C-67E||In development||Medium utility helicopter jointly developed with Eurocopter (EC175). Military version of the AC352.|
|Z-19 Black Whirlwind||Harbin||May-10||about 5 t||2x WZ-8C||In development||Derived from Z-9. Tandem seats.|
|Z-20||Changhe||Dec 23, 2013||10 t||2x WZ-9?||In development||Similar to the Black Hawk in appearance, but with 5 blades. In development since 1990s.|
|AC301||Avicopter||2010||2.2 t||1x WZ-8D||First delivery planned for 2012||Civil version of Z-11 (EC130 Ecureuil)|
|AC310||Avicopter||2011||1 t||1x Lycoming H10-360 D1A||In production||Copy of Schweizer 300C. Certificated by CAAC in 2012.|
|AC311 Air Sprite||Avicopter||2010||2.2 t||1x Honeywell LTS101-700D-2 or WZ-8D||In production||Derivative of the EC130 Ecureuil. Certificated by CAAC in 2012. Deliveries began in August 2013.|
|AC312||Avicopter||n/a||4.1 t||2x WZ-8 or Turbomeca Arriel 2C||In development||Civil version of Z-9 (AS365)|
|AC313||Avicopter||2010||13.8 t||3x Pratt & Whitney PT6B-67A||In development||3-engine derivative of the Z-8. Certificated by CAAC in 2013.|
|AC352||Avicopter||2014||7.5 t||2x WZ-16 or Turbomeca Ardiden 3C||In development||Medium utility helicopter jointly developed with Eurocopter (EC175). Civil version of the Z-15.|
|AC3X2||Avicopter||n/a||3.1 t||2x unknown||In development||Announced Sep 2013. First flight planned for 2014.|
|CA109||Changhe||c. 2006||3 t||2x PW 206C or Arrius 2K1||In production||Licensed AgustaWestland A109E.|
|HC120||Harbin||c. 2005||1.7 t||1x Turbomeca Arrius 2F||Production began in 2005||Only production plant for EC120 outside of France.|